Portfolio Category: 1800's

Riley Brothers Lancashire Boiler 1895

Lancashire boiler Riley Brothers Ltd of Stockton-on-Tees. Twin-flue, coal fired Lancashire-type boiler with Galloway tubes and water injector. Installed to provide steam for the Worth McKenzie triple-expansion steam engine. Steam-operated water injector later replaced with a Worthington Simpson water feed pump. Working pressure: 160 psi (11 atmospheres). Output: 907 kg/hour (2000 lb/hour) saturated steam. Water…
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Campbell Hot Tube Gas Engine 1895

Made by the Campbell Gas Engine Co Ltd of Halifax, these engines run on producer or coal gas ignited in the combustion chamber from heat from an external flame conducted via a ceramic (hot) tube. This engine was used at Rhos-on-Sea, North Wales, as a donkey engine to provide compressed air for starting larger water-pumping…
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Worth Mackenzie Triple Expansion Steam Engine 1895

Worth-McKenzie triple expansion steam engine. Worth McKenzie Ltd of Stockton-on-Tees. The oldest triple-expansion, double-acting, inverted, condensing steam engine still operating in the UK. Originally installed to draw raw water from the River Wye and deliver it to the treatment works on Broomy Hill behind the pumping station. Clean water descended from the treatment works to…
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Easton, Anderson & Goolden Turbine 1890

Easton, Anderson & Goolden horizontal turbine and triple-throw pumps Easton, Anderson & Goolden Ltd of Erith, Kent. This firm operated from 1893 until 1901 but no date has been established for the pump-set. The system was installed at Caldecote Hall near Nuneaton to provide water for the hall and the estate. A horizontal water turbine…
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Hayward Tyler Rider Type 0.5HP Hot Air Engine 1890

Hayward-Tyler 'Rider' type 0.5hp hot air engine. Hayward-Tyler Ltd of Luton. Originally installed to power a borehole pump at Swainshill in Herefordshire. Hot-air engines work on the Stirling cycle and are not very efficient. However they require no boiler and can be fuelled by virtually anything combustible. Power rating: 0.5hp. Water lift: 33 metres (110…
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Museum Main Building 1856 – 1906

Museum main building; Hereford's Victorian water-pumping station The Hereford Improvement Act of 1854 gave the City Council permission to pave the streets of High Town (the central part of Hereford), install gas lighting, and to provide the citizens with piped, potable water. A site for the waterworks was chosen at Broomy Hill, about 1km upstream…
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Warner Hydraulic Ram 1889

Warner hydraulic ram (plus other rams and hydrostat). Robert Warner & Co. Hydraulic rams require no external source of power such as an engine or motor. They operate due to the inertia of the water flowing towards them. With a reasonably good head, a hydraulic ram can achieve an efficiency of some 12%. They are…
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Wilson Hartnell Dynamo 1890

Wilson-Hartnell dynamo. Wilson-Hartnell of Leeds. Originally sited at the Refuse Destructor Works of Barry Urban District Council, Glamorgan, where it was driven by a Tangye steam engine. The dynamo provided power for the destructor works and a local school. At the Museum the dynamo is driven from the National Gas engine. Output: 110V DC.
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Tangye Single Cylinder Steam Engine 1890

Tangye single-cylinder horizontal steam engine (static exhibit). Tangye Ltd of Birmingham. This single-cylinder horizontal steam engine was used at the Hereford Sanitary Laundry where it provided the power, via an overhead lay shaft and belts, for many different processes. It carries a large pulley wheel, with gracefully curved spokes, on the flywheel shaft, which would…
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Horse Drawn Fire Engine 1805

Horse Drawn Fire Engine Hadley, Simpson & Locke. Water is delivered from a 2-cylinder pump operated by the handles on both sides and the treadles in front. Special features are the use of leather for the inlet and discharge hoses and the wicker-work strainer when drawing water from a pond. Used at Stoke Lacy House,…
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Hot Wire Voltometer 1890

The instrument makes measurements of voltage equally well on both AC and DC supplies. Its accuracy is independent of ambient temperature. This type of voltmeter was invented by Major Cardew in 1883. He was the first electrical adviser to the Board of Trade and devised the first set of Electricity Regulations. He established the Board…
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Hayward Tyler Rider Type 1HP Hot Air Engine 1880

Hayward-Tyler & Co of Luton. Installed originally at Taplow Lodge on the Cliveden Estate in Buckinghamshire, the engine was housed in a cellar and pumped water for the household and garden from a deep well. It was discovered in 1991 by the National Trust. Following recovery it was restored by local enthusiasts and re-commissioned in…
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